Webinar: Climate change and the Military

What are the links between the military and climate change?

How is campaigning for the environment linked to the campaign for Nuclear Disarmament?

How can we build successful campaigns as we lift out of the Covid Crisis?

Join XR Peace founder, Angie Zelter in conversation with Marine turned war-abolitionist Brian Jones, anti-nuclear and environmental activist David Collins, Nobel Peace Prize winner Rebecca Johnson and Quaker, feminist and peace activist Janet Fenton as they discuss the links between war, climate and energy.

Co-hosted by XR PEACE

Nuclear Weapons in COVID Times: Deadly Threats to Lives, Health and Security

On 13 May 2020, while Britain was in lockdown, nuclear warheads were taken on public roads from the UK’s Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) at Burghfield and Aldermaston in Berkshire, England, to Coulport in Scotland, driving past Oxford, Birmingham, Manchester and Glasgow.

[download print version] [download with links]

The nuclear convoy (snapped by XR Peace members in Nukewatch) broke lockdown rules to drop off warheads intended for US Trident missiles on UK’s nuclear powered submarines at Faslane, Her Majesty’s Naval Base (HMNB) Clyde. The government’s desire to keep deploying nuclear WMD is hardly a necessity or “good justification” for putting the NHS and British people at more risk if there were an accident.

Britain makes and deploys nuclear weapons and thereby faces especially high risks of nuclear accidents and use. Far from being a “deterrent that keeps us safe”, if the nuclear weapons carried on just one UK nuclear submarine were detonated, the impacts on the whole world would be devastating. Any survivors would face the horrors of climate chaos, nuclear winter, radiation sickness and mass famine.

NO SAFE HANDS FOR NUCLEAR BOMBS

Sending nuclear weapons around England and Scotland is the height of folly, especially in these Covid Times.

Nuclear weapons and power threaten our security, now more than ever

As the Covid-19 pandemic ravages our economy, destroys tens of thousands of lives and jobs, and stretches our NHS and frontline services to breaking point, we cannot afford the extra burden that nuclear weapons add to our emergency services. So why is the Government carrying on with making further nuclear weapons and submarines, with a price tag over £200 billion?

Covid-19 piles up the dangers already connected with nuclear activities. The navy, including HMNB Clyde at Faslane, is badly hit by coronavirus infections. Already struggling under regulatory “special measures” due to years of safety problems, AWE Aldermaston and Burghfield pose even more risks on skeleton staffing. In Cumbria, Barrow, where “Dreadnought” nuclear submarines are being built by BAE Systems, and Sellafield nuclear plant are also struggling with high rates of infection.

The Covid-19 pandemic reminds us of the fragility of our lives, families and countries. Accidents happen, as shown by the Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear disasters. US pilots dropped nuclear bombs by mistake on NATO allies Greenland and Spain some years ago, causing serious plutonium contamination. Human error, miscalculations and irresponsible leaders have brought the world to the brink of nuclear war at least 13 times since 1960.

BLACK LIVES MATTER

We support the Black Lives Matter protests against the horrific murder of George Floyd by an armed white policeman in Minneapolis, who used his knee to choke the life out of this unarmed Black man, filmed for over 8 minutes. Several other police officers stood by and did nothing to help Floyd, who gasped over and over again “I can’t breathe” until he lost consciousness and died.

The calls for Justice take place against the backdrop of personal and institutional racism and attitudes of white supremacy that have poisoned the whole history of the United States of America. These Black Lives Matter protests connect unmistakably with the racist-colonialist histories of our own countries as well, that have caused untold human misery for centuries of slavery, rape and lynching, and which continue even now through institutional inequality and discrimination, and the hate and fear embedded in white supremacist narratives.

XR Peace was established last year to highlight the links between the Climate Emergency and military-industrial frameworks, objectives and profiteering connected with weapons and war. The Black Lives Matter movement calls for Action to end racism, Justice for George Floyd and all the other Black Lives destroyed by racism, and for fundamental changes to tackle inequality, prejudice, and abuses of power by police and others in authority. Their demands directly connect with the peace and justice work that we do.

When George Floyd was murdered last week, his six year old daughter lost her father. That’s the human story. The continuation of racist-colonialist military-industrial warmongering and environmental destruction is the shameful history that has brought the whole world to the brink of extinction.

Today – and every day – we must walk shoulder to shoulder with our Black Sisters and Brothers in our lives and campaigns for peace and justice.

Ban Nuclear Weapons : Prevent Climate Catastrophe

Before the coronavirus crisis, XR peace planned to be in the streets from 1st June to raise awareness with our next Rebellion for Climate Security, Peace and Justice. To protect our health, care and frontline workers, as well as all vulnerable people (including ourselves and our families ), we’re putting our protests online for the time being, sharing info and other relevant resources.

Here is the fourth leaflet in our series, which highlights the importance of the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), a new, multilateral, UN-negotiated treaty that bans the use, production and deployment of nuclear weapons and requires their total abolition. With over three fifths of the UN General Assembly already supporting the Ban Treaty and only 13 states parties to go before 50 governments complete their national processes for ratification, the TPNW is set to enter into full international legal force very soon. As more states join, the Treaty parties will establish new systems to eliminate the weapons safely and implement the whole Treaty.

XR Peace calls on the UK government to sign this UN Treaty now, take its Trident-based nuclear weapons system off deployment and work with the rest of the world to eliminate all nuclear dangers.

[Print version with linksPrint version without links]

BAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND PREVENT NUCLEAR WAR AND CLIMATE CATASTROPHE

All wars and militarism undermine our security and harm our climate. Nuclear weapons and war cause particularly horrendous suffering and environmental harm, including nuclear winter and mass famine. To prevent this, the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was negotiated in the UN and adopted in July 2017 by 122 states with just one vote against and one abstention. As of today, this Nuclear Ban Treaty has 37 states parties and 81 signatory states. The UK and certain other nuclear armed states have not yet signed. Instead they are trying to enhance and build more nuclear weapons, causing huge risks to the whole world.

Help us abolish nuclear weapons before they abolish us

It is 75 years after the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were flattened by the first two nuclear weapons in 1945. Those “small” atomic bombs killed more than 230,000 people. Over 100,000 were killed instantly in the intense fireballs. Then over weeks and months, many more died from burns, blast injuries and in terrible pain from radiation sickness. The atomic bombs had killed and badly injured 90% of the doctors and nurses in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, so it was impossible for local services to provide humanitarian help for the thousands of dead and dying.

Setsuko Thurlow was a 13 year old schoolgirl in Hiroshima when the US atomic bomb nicknamed “Little Boy” destroyed her city on 6th August 1945, killing almost all her friends and some family members. She represented the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (at the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize ceremony) and spoke at the United Nations about the fear and pain of that experience and the terrible suffering she witnessed, she would remember: “each person who died had a name; each person had someone who loved them”.

Since 1945, the world has been brought close to nuclear war several times due to leadership mistakes and computer errors. We can’t risk more mistakes with nuclear weapons.

Just a fraction of today’s nuclear weapons would contaminate the Earth and cause “nuclear winter“. The mushroom clouds from incinerated cities would disrupt the world’s climate systems and destroy agriculture, natural ecosystems and food resources. Global famine and disease would follow, killing an estimated two billion people.

The “Trident” missiles on just one UK nuclear armed submarine are all it would take to cause climate devastation and nuclear winter.

Despite widespread support in Britain and around the world, the UK government boycotted the UN’s multilateral negotiations and is refusing even to take preparatory steps to comply. Instead, it is pouring billions of pounds into upgrading UK nuclear weapons and submarines.

The 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons is important because it stigmatises nuclear weapons as inhumane and abhorrent, comprehensively bans these weapons of mass destruction, and then provides legal provisions that governments and multilateral institutions will be able to build on to eliminate all nuclear arsenals safely and securely.

Unlike other nuclear treaties, the TPNW applies to everyone, and clearly prohibits developing, testing, manufacturing, stockpiling, acquiring and possessing nuclear armaments. It bans stationing, installing and deploying nuclear weapons, and also outlaws actions that “assist, encourage or induce” anyone to commit any actions that are prohibited by the Treaty.

Already the Nuclear Ban Treaty is reducing the value of these WMD and diminishing the political power and status that some states and leaders have attached to nuclear arms for far too long.

When it enters into international legal force, which could be in 2020 or soon after, the Nuclear Ban Treaty will help to reduce nuclear risks while working to eliminate them completely. As a Treaty under International Humanitarian Law, the Nuclear Ban Treaty goes beyond the states that are currently reluctant to sign Many of its provisions can also be taken up and applied to nuclear-related activities of banks, investors, manufacturers, city officials, parliamentarians, decision-makers – and all of us!

Global Ceasefire Now!

Before the coronavirus crisis, XR peace planned to be in the streets from 1st June to raise awareness with our next Rebellion for Climate Security, Peace and Justice. To protect our health, care and frontline workers, as well as all vulnerable people (including ourselves and our families ), we’re putting our protests online with a series of leaflets and other relevant resources. Here is the third, which builds on the UN Secretary-General’s call for a Global Ceasefire and includes XR Peace’s five-point action plan to make it happen.

[Print version with links; Print version without links]

GLOBAL CEASEFIRE NOW!

SAVE LIVES, BUILD INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AND PEACE

On 23 March, as the Covid-19 coronavirus spread around the world, UN Secretary-General António Guterres called for a global ceasefire, saying: “End the sickness of war and fight the disease that is ravaging our world.  It starts by stopping the fighting everywhere.  Now.  That is what our human family needs, now more than ever.”

“Armed conflict rages on around the world.  The most vulnerable — women and children, people with disabilities, the marginalized and the displaced — pay the highest price.  They are also at the highest risk of suffering devastating losses from COVID-19… Refugees and others displaced by violent conflict are doubly vulnerable.”

Calling for diplomacy and dialogue to tackle the causes of conflict, Guterres referred to the “folly of war” and sounded the clarion call:

“It is time to put armed conflict on lockdown and focus together on the true fight of our lives. To warring parties, I say:  Pull back from hostilities.  Put aside mistrust and animosity.  Silence the guns, stop the artillery, end the airstrikes.”

NO-ONE SHOULD PROFIT FROM VIOLENCE AND DESTRUCTION

A Global Ceasefire is necessary not only in Covid times, but for our future. To make this sustainable, legal and political steps must be taken not only to disarm and demilitarise warmongering groups and states, but also to build greater security, peaceful relations and cooperative institutions at local, regional, national and international levels.

FROM CEASEFIRE TO BUILDING PEACE:

  • Deep and irreversible disarmament: disarm the combatants; remove, dismantle and eliminate weapons and delivery systems, from guns and “small arms” to bombs and launchers, from grenades to nuclear weapons; use existing international law, treaties and agreements where appropriate; and negotiate further disarmament agreements where needed.
  • Peace must be built by people on the ground, framed with humanitarian and feminist rights and principles for good governance and the full and equal participation of women, who suffer dispropropionate impacts from the use of weapons, including sexual and physical violence. Mediation and reconciliation may also be necessary.
  • Address the roots of conflict, which include climate chaos and the destruction of forests, homes, and resources by greedy aggressors with geo-political, military-industrial or extractivist motivations; pressures and rivalries for land and water; space to grow food and live on; colonialist and patriachal histories that feed religious extremism, fragmentation of societies, violence against women and people with different ethnic origins; corruption; bad governance…
  • Demobilise and rehabilitate all combatants and put in place systems for retraining, education, counselling, care and support into peaceful jobs, with special support for refugees and children who may have been coerced into fighting and/or sexual slavery.
  • Tackle the causes and demilitarise relations among conflicting parties and economic factors that fuel conflict, locally and internationally, with priority given to ending the arms sales locally and the global arms trade, including production, transfers and proliferation of deadly weapons from predatory states and arms manufacturers.

World Day for Child Victims of Aggression

Before the coronavirus crisis, XR peace planned to be in the streets from 1st June to raise awareness with our next Rebellion for Climate Security, Peace and Justice. To protect our health, care and frontline workers, as well as all vulnerable people (including ourselves and our families ), we’re putting our protests online with a series of leaflets and other relevant resources. Here is the second, which recognises that June 4th is “World Day for Child Victims of Aggression”. Children are most at risk of violence where there are men with weapons, from militias and armed police to domestic violence and war.

[Print version with links; Print version without links]

MILITARISM IS A BIG CAUSE OF CLIMATE DESTRUCTION AND VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN

Millions of children live in conflict, with terrifying threats of physical and sexual violence every day. They see friends and family killed and injured. Some are also injured, raped, or trafficked into sexual slavery, unwanted marriage and pregnancy. Sexual violence is often used to humiliate a population and force people to flee their homes.

Militarism and war add massively to climate destruction. And environmental destruction and climate chaos have become major causes of violent conflicts over land, resources, food and water.

Refugee children are most vulnerable.

VIOLENCE AND WAR DON’T OBEY HUMANITARIAN RULES

The rules of war prohibit the indiscriminate use of weapons, the targeting of civilians and attacks on schools and hospitals. Nuclear weapons are still targeted at cities full of children, from Londo­­n and Moscow to Delhi and Islamabad. Every day, in conflicts around the world, women and children are killed by guns, grenades and explosive weapons, which are often used in heavily populated areas. Landmines blow up when children are playing in fields near their homes. Cluster munitions look like plastic toys, till they explode in a child’s face.

As noted by UNICEF:

No method of warfare has been off-limits, no matter how deadly for children: Indiscriminate attacks on schools, hospitals and other civilian infrastructure, abductions, child recruitment, besiegement, abuse in detention and denial of humanitarian assistance…”

DO YOU WANT TO KEEP CHILDREN SAFE?

In the real world, war doesn’t obey humanitarian rules. Neither does climate chaos, a major consequence of military-industrial activities. We have to tackle the climate emergency, support the UN call for a Global Ceasefire, and stop those who make, sell and use weapons.

CONTACT  xrpeace@gn.apc.org

June Rebellion Starts Now!

Before the coronavirus crisis, XR peace planned to be in the streets from 1st June to raise awareness with our next Rebellion for Climate Security, Peace and Justice.

To protect our health, care and frontline workers, as well as all vulnerable people (including ourselves and our families ), we’re putting our protests online with a series of leaflets and other relevant resources. Here is the first:

CLIMATE CHAOS and COVID-19 PANDEMIC:

DANGERS FOR OUR SECURITY WHEN WARNINGS ARE IGNORED

[Print version with links; Print version without links]

Have you wondered why the British government was so unprepared when the coronavirus pandemic hit?

The MoD was given billions of pounds to spend on new submarines for Trident nuclear weapons, so why did the government not spend a fraction of that to ensure the NHS would have ICU equipment like ventilators and personal protective equipment (PPE) for all frontline health and care workers?

Health and security experts have warned about the risks and dangers of a global coronavirus pandemic for years. This deadly threat topped international and UK security analyses, along with climate destruction.

Yet when Covid-19 hit, most governments were woefully unprepared, including in Britain. Despite World Health Organisation (WHO) warnings and UK government exercises like Cygnus, British leaders failed to make adequate preparations. Playing politics with our security, they cut the NHS and care services to the bone, in the name of “austerity”, while allowing stocks of PPE to go out of date without being replaced.

We are now paying the price for the arrogance of politicians who were told the risks but chose to ignore them. Instead the UK poured money into Brexit, unsustainable transport, fossil fuels and vanity projects like HS2 and Trident nuclear weapons. “Defence” and “jobs” were evoked to justify subsidies to arms companies like BAE that make and sell weapons to warmongers, tyrants and human rights violators.

Security doesn’t come from policies that “punch above our weight”. Peace and security depend on good health, schools and care services, safe homes, clean air, food, water, sustainable energy, jobs, incomes.

REAL SECURITY MEANS BEING PREPARED FOR REAL RISKS

The Covid-19 pandemic has shocked us, and we need to change how we think about security. Our lives, jobs and economies have been turned upside down. How can we learn from this upheaval and prevent even worse catastrophes in the future?

We hope that a vaccine will be developed that can bring the frightening rates of infection and death down. But there can be no vaccines or quick fixes to prevent nuclear war and irreversible climate destruction. These threats are real, and could end all life on Earth.

Climate chaos is happening now. Over 13,500 nuclear weapons deployed by nine States pose huge dangers to our security every day.

RETHINK SECURITY AND MAKE URGENT CHANGES NOW, BEFORE IT’S TOO LATE

  • Recognise and halt the damage caused by human violence, arrogance, militarism and abuse of other people and nature.
  • Ask questions, look at the facts, prepare and plan for the real, foreseeable threats we face.
  • Make the links, raise awareness, and change to more responsible personal and political behaviour, expectations and sustainable consumption and use of resources.
  • Take responsibility and mitigate dangers with cooperative action for global peace, health and climate justice.
  • Bring about national and global Green New Deal policies to build climate justice and a healthier, more caring and peaceful future for all.

XR Peace has now produced a leaflet on how BAE Systems is destroying the world

BAE-Systems: DESTROYING THE WORLD IN OUR NAME

[Flyer on our BAE Systems page]

BAE Systems is the world’s fourth-largest arms producer, selling
weapons to countries that violate human rights and indiscriminately kill children, women and other non-combatants.

It makes profits from nuclear weapons systems like Trident, designed to cause mass destruction and humanitarian suffering if used.

As the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the lack of respiratory
equipment for our hospitals, it’s good to hear that BAE has started to make ventilators for the NHS. But this begs the question: since life is so precious, why is BAE still squandering most of its skills (and our money) on nuclear and other inhumane weapons?

BAE profits from weapons that destroy people’s lives

• In 2018, BAE received £1.3 billion from UK Ministry of Defence
arms contracts. BAE also sold arms to 22 of the 30 countries on the UK Government’s own human rights watch list (2010-2018).

• Over 100,000 people have been killed in Yemen since 2015,
including 12,000 civilians in directly targeted attacks.

Every day Yemen is hit by British bombs – dropped by British planes that are flown by British-trained pilots and maintained and prepared inside Saudi Arabia by thousands of British  contractors.” (Guardian, 2019)

BAE also sells sophisticated spyware and surveillance systems to many autocratic regimes in the Middle East and beyond, which play key roles in the persecution of pro-democracy activists around the world.

Stop BAE destroying our climate

If BAE diversified from weapons production to much-needed health and sustainable energy equipment, it would also cut its carbon footprint, which was 1.2 million tonnes of CO2 in 2017/18.

• Military activities cause around 6% of annual global carbon
emissions. Compare this to global food production, which feeds the whole world while producing only 10% of CO2 emissions.

• Studies also show that around 20% of environmental destruction around the world is caused by militarism, war and related activities.

• The operations, products and services of BAE and other big arms manufacturers are major contributors to all this climate and
environmental damage. BAE violates international law by
producing and profiteering from inhumane weapons and equipment that are sold to human rights violators.

BAE nuclear weapons delivery systems and related production
violate the UN’s 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Bindmans instructed to send letter to Counter-Terrorism Police

XR Peace has joined a wide range of groups represented by Bindmans LLP, who have today sent a letter to the Counter-Terrorism Policing National Operations Centre objecting to their inclusion of their organisations and movement in the a ‘Counter-Terrorism Policing National Operations Centre (CTPNOC) Intelligence Signs & Symbols Guidance Document’ June 2019 (the ‘CTP Guidance’). The existence of this Guidance was first reported by the Guardian on Friday 17 January 2020.

XR Peace Action Coordinator Angie Zelter said “XR Peace have joined with other peaceful citizens groups to challenge the inclusion of Extinction Rebellion in the police counter-terrorism gudidance. Any suggestion that XR activists are terrorists must be challenged. Each of us make a core commitment to nonviolence at the heart of all of our actions.”

“We are not terrorists. But, in the face of the extreme risk now posed to the future of life on earth XR Peace rebels do take bold and brave actions that sometimes disrupt ongoing everyday activities. We take these extraordinary actions, sometimes risking imprisonment, in order to call attention to the urgency of the climate crisis and the role of militarism and war in that.”

The groups listed in the CTP Guidance currently instructing Bindmans are Animal Aid; Palestine Solidarity Campaign; Extinction Rebellion Peace; Trident Ploughshares; Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and a representative of the Extinction Rebellion movement.

The CTP Guidance lists organisations deemed to fall within the following sub-categories: (1) Right Wing: including White Supremacist and White Nationalist; (2) Left Wing; (3) Animal Rights; and (4) Environmental.

There is, however, no attempt in the document to explain the reason for the inclusion of our clients or any other groups within the document. Moreover, the CTP Guidance implies that at least some of the activity conducted by all of the organisations listed is unlawful and that involvement with or support of such groups might be relevant to counter-terrorism, extremism or radicalisation.

It is not known to what extent the CTP Guidance has been shared nor in what context, but it is anticipated that it has been in circulation for over 6 months and that it has been shared widely including with the NHS, schools, universities, and social workers at local authorities. We are aware of at least one example of a primary school referring to the CTP Guidance on its’ website on a page discussing ‘Safeguarding and Child Protection’, where it is listed under the heading “Preventing extremism and radicalisation”.

Jamie Potter of Bindmans LLP has said:
“Our clients are peaceful organisations focused on lawful protest and engagement to pursue their legitimate aims. They are deeply concerned by the decision to list their organisations and movement in the CTP Guidance. They are also aware of numerous other organisations that share their concerns. Individuals affiliated with these organisations may have been referred to the Counter-Terrorism Policing National Operations Centre programmes including, but not limited to Prevent, as a result of their support and/or membership of these organisations and movement.

We invite Counter-terrorism Police to immediately acknowledge the unlawful inclusion of these groups within the CTP Guidance, apologise and take urgent steps to retract the guidance and clarify that that our clients, and other organisations, are of no interest to counter-terrorism police and have no involvement in extremism or radicalisation.”

In the House of Commons today (22 January) Minister for Immigration Brandon Lewis said: The Home Office “has oversight of the police on behalf of the home secretary. We are clear that the right to peaceful protest is a cornerstone of our just society and an indispensable channel of political and social expression.”

Jane Tallents, a Coordinator of XR Peace said “We welcome the Minister’s affirmation of the right to peaceful protest. However, at a time when we are facing twin existential threats to humanity and the planet we need lots of people to join in creative nonviolent action demanding government act now to reverse climate change and get rid of nuclear weapons.”

“As part of XR Peace we resisted the Metropolitan Police attempt to shut down Extinction Rebellion protests using a Section 14 Order. Not only will we continue to protest we will also actively challenge this latest attempt and all such attempts to stifle peaceful protest.”

Strategy and Plans

XR Peace is now deliberating on our strategy and plans for the next year or two.

We are likely to concentrate on the waste of resources, breaches of law and the climate impact of the UK defence and arms sales industries, especially of BAE Systems (the 4th largest arms dealer in the world with their greedy fingers in most live conflicts).

If any of you have ideas and would like to input into our strategising and planning then please contact us at xrpeace@gn.apc.org

If anyone wants to help research possible targets then also contact us.

We need to start preparing for our actions and need more dedicated XRPeace Affinity Groups (AGs). Anyone who wants to stop the damage that the militarisation of the world is inflicting are encouraged to get a local AG (affinity group) together.

Those people who are already in a regional or country XR group in the UK can also become an XRPeace AG, and then choose at any specific point in time what action they will support. There will be many times when the dates and timings of your local XR AG actions/commitments and those of XRPeace will not conflict. If you want to help and be linked in with our XRPeace actions please let us know so we can include you in the briefings and actions. Contact xrpeace@gn.apc.org and tell us the liaison contact for your XRPeace AG as soon as possible.

We are keeping a track on the legal fallout from October but need you to contact us with dates and information about any charges that emerge or cases that might come up.

Angie Zelter, who was arrested 5 times in October and charged 4 times, is exploring a civil case against the Met with the help of lawyers. This is since the High Court ruling that the Met had acted unlawfully in imposing a Section 14 on all XR activists meeting and resisting in London during the October Rebellion. We will keep you posted on the results.

Meanwhile the crowdfunder has been taken down after raising £2,252. A big thank you to all of you who contributed. The funds not already used will be held over to help future XRPeace activists with the costs surrounding legal proceedings. If fines already paid out are repaid by the courts due to successful civil proceedings against the Met, these will be repaid into the XRPeace fund too.

Meanwhile, XR Peace will continue to need funds to carry out its work so do please help when you can by donating here.

XR Peace ends it’s October Rebellion in London

Our successful two week October Rebellion has finished. All XR Peace rebels who were arrested have now been released, with many waiting to hear if they will receive court dates. A big thank you to everyone who came along or helped out in some way.

XR Peace outside the Supreme Court in London
XR Peace outside BAe Systems in London
Stuck in London: Angie glues herself onto a tripod in Oxford Circus