The Link Between Climate Change and Militarism. David Collins (ex-Royal Marines) Veterans for Peace UK (VFP UK), was invited by XR and CND to deliver a speech outside the MOD in London during the October Rebellion 2019.

10 Ways that the Climate Crisis and Militarism are Intertwined. By Medea Benjamin, Counterpunch. Sept 2019.

The Environmental Impacts of the UK Military Sector. By Scientists for Global Responsibility – In depth, well researched report. May 2020.

The Pentagon’s Hidden Contribution to Climate Change – This article originally appeared in Common Dreams. Gar Smith. Jan 2016.

The Military’s Carbon Bootprint: As the biggest single user of fossil fuels, why is the military exempt from the climate discussion? By Joyce Nelson. Watershed Sentinel. Jan 2020.

UK: ‘Fighting The Wrong Battles – How Obsession With Military Power Diverts Resources From The Climate Crisis’ By Dr Sam Perlo-Freeman (CAAT). Feb 2020.

War causes Climate Change

INTRO: Why Stopping Wars is essential for stopping climate change. By Elaine Graham-Leigh, Stop the War. Mar 2019.

UK STUDY: The Carbon Bootprint of the Military. Presentation by Dr Stuart Parkinson, Scientists for Global Responsibility. June 2019. Gives carbon emissions for MoD, BaE, US DOD, the War on Terror and more. More SGR articles here.

US STUDY: Pentagon Fuel Use, Climate Change, and the Costs of War. Prof. Neta C. Crawford, Boston University, Costs of War project. June 2019. Original research. Includes infographics, summary, full report and talk given by author. Also read her writing in The Conversation.

UK STUDY: US military consumes more hydrocarbons than most countries – with a massive hidden impact on the climate: Lancaster and Durham Universities. June 2019.
Authors article in The Conversation: US military is a bigger polluter than as many as 140 countries – shrinking this war machine is a must.

IPB PAPER: The Carbon Bootprint: The United States and European military’s impact on climate change. By Jessica Fort and Philipp Straub, International Peace Bureau. Nov 2019.

ICBUW PAPER: Climate Change and the responsibility of the Military. By Ria Verjauw, International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons. Jun 2019

Climate Change causes War

US STUDY: Stanford-led study investigates how much climate change affects the risk of armed conflict. Article by Devon Ryan. June 2019.  the study estimates climate has influenced between 3% and 20% of armed conflict risk over the last century and that the influence will likely increase dramatically.

IN DEPTH: ‘This Changes Everything’? Rethinking Fragility and Violent Conflicts from the Climate Crisis Perspective. By Cordula Reimann and Danny Burns. Dec 2019. Study on the challenges of Climate Change, and possible solutions of collective resilience and resistance. Section 5: Challenging the military-industrial complex starts on document page 21.

Nuclear weapons and the Climate

INTRO: Could climate change lead to a nuclear war? Dr Stuart Parkinson, Scientists for Global Responsibility. Presentation to CND conference, Oct 2017.

ICAN PAPER: Nuclear Weapons and our Climate. Assoc. Prof. Tilman Ruff, International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons – Australia.

OPINION: The Chimney and the Cloud. By Sean Howard, Cape Breton Spectator. Oct 2019.

Military Websites

Sustainable development: MOD This series brings together all MOD sustainable development publications (up to 2017/18). Now incorporated into the MoD Annual Report.

Military analyses of Climate Change

An Annotated History of U.S. Defense, Intelligence, and Security Assessments of Climate Change – Peter H. Gleick. ““… U.S. intelligence and military assessments of the security implications of climate change … go back nearly four decades to the 1980s”

International Military Council Issues “World Climate and Security Report 2020” at Munich Security Conference – IMCCS, Feb 2020. The climate emergency and it’s consequences. “Security and military institutions should demonstrate leadership on climate security risks and resilience and encourage governments to advance comprehensive emissions reductions and adaptation investments to avoid those security disruptions. Military organizations can also lead by example through taking advantage of the significant opportunities to adopt lower carbon energy sources, and make progress on other greenhouse gases beyond carbon dioxide.”

President [Trump] Just Signed Bill That Says Climate Change a National Security Risk, But Does He Know That? By Angela Ledford Anderson, UCSCSA. Dec 2017

The US Military Funded a Study on Climate Change, And Got Unnerving Results By Chris Mooney and Brady Dennis, The Washington Post. Apr 2018

DOD REPORT: Report on Effects of a Changing Climate to the Department of Defense. Jan 2019.
(Response Statement by Shana Udvardy, Climate Resilience Specialist. UCSUSA)

Climate Security: What can the US Army do to prepare for climate change? American Security Project. Oct 2019. (the full report is linked from this page)

National Security and the threat of Climate Change. The CNA Corporation. 2007. “The U.S. should become a more constructive partner with the international community to help build and execute a plan to prevent destabilizing effects from climate change, including setting targets for long term reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.”


Why is action on militarism essential to action on climate change? By Andrew Metheven, War Resisters’ International. May 2019.

Take Action on Militarism: Challenging militarism – Resource pack by ForcesWatch and Quakers UK (pdf)

BAE Systems

MOD and BAE: ‘The Saudis couldn’t do it without us’: the UK’s true role in Yemen’s deadly war. By Arron Merat. The Guardian. Jun 2019.

Opinion and Politics

TALK: “No Climate Justice, No Peace“. Transcript of Molly Scott Cato, MEP talk at MAW Conference 29th June 2019.

The Military and Climate Change/Justice – Judith Deutsch, Counterpunch. Dec 2019.

The Environment

Protect the Environment During Armed Conflict. Pax for Peace. Nov 2018. The UN General Assembly has declared 6 November each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict.