Articles

Here you will find resources that further explore the links between militarism and the climate crisis.

XR Peace Briefing: The US military is the single largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world and why it matters to the UK climate movement

Stanford-led study investigates how much climate change affects the risk of armed conflict

As global temperatures climb, the risk of armed conflict is expected to increase substantially, according to experts across several fields.

The Link Between Climate Change and Militarism. Veterans for Peace UK (VFP UK)


The United States and European military’s impact on climate change. IPB Information Paper – ‘the carbon boot-print’. By Jessica Fort and Philipp Straub. Nov 2019. 

An estimate by Stuart Parkinson, (Scientists for Global Responsibility) cited here suggests that UK military carbon emissions are equivalent to total carbon emissions of Iceland.

Climate Change and the responsibility of the Military. ICBUW.
5 Jun 2019

Why is action on militarism essential to action on climate change? War Resisters’ International.  1 May 2019.

Climate Change and the Costs of War. Brown University

Pentagon Fuel Use, Climate Change, and the Costs of War. Neta C. Crawford. Boston University, Costs of War project. 12 June 2019.  

Why Stopping Wars is essential for stopping climate change. Elaine Graham-Leigh. Stop the War. 18 March 2019.

The Carbon Bootprint of the Military. Dr Stuart Parkinson. Scientists for Global Responsibility. Gives information on UK as well as US, and G7 Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

Nuclear Weapons and our climate. Tilman Ruff. International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.  

US military is a bigger polluter than as many as 140 countries – shrinking this war machine is a must. 24 June 2019.  

Report: The U.S. Military Emits More CO2 Than Many Industrialized Nations [Infographic]. Niall McCarthy. Forbes. 13 June 2019.

Weaponizing nature: The geopolitical ecology of the US Navy’s biofuel program. Political Geography. Volume 60, September 2017, Pages 13-22.

Tipping to Rebellion: Action and Reaction on Climate Science. Paul Rogers and Richard Reeve. Oxford Research Group. April 2019.

Protect the Environment During Armed Conflict. Pax for Peace. 6 November 2018.

The Chimney and the Cloud. Cape Breton Spectator. 9 Oct 2019.

Take Action on Militarism: Challenging militarism – Resource pack by ForcesWatch and Quakers UK (pdf)

Escape the Cycle of Violence